The AP World History Podcast: With Austin Pray and Alex Taylor, the “WHAP Podcast” helps review key concepts in AP World History
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Chapter 23, 24, 25 Change Over Time / Document Based Question / Compare and Contrast Essay

Alright, it's essay time once again. This time the essay will be chosen at random so you won't really know if you are going to have a Change Over Time, a DBQ, or a Compare and Contrast essay...So be sure to go over your old essays and familiarize yourself with each type! Also go over those rubrics for each too, and remember those thesis statements are really important and can keep you from getting an 8 or a 9 if not done properly! Conrad said these essays will be over chapters 23, 24, and 25. So read up on those because you need to be able to really support your response to the question. The key points for those chapters are below also.


RUBRICS AND MORE ESSAYS COMING TOMORROW
Key Points / Rubrics
Chapter 23 Key Points
Chapter 24 Key Points
Chapter 25 Key Points
(key points thanks to http://nicolenherfriends.lefora.com, Thanks nicole!)


Example Change Over Time Essay - Scored 9

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If you have an essay that scored a 9, please send it to Austin.Pray@gmail.com so i can put it up as an example!!
These essays are examples only.

Change Over Time Essay

Early Latin America

Despite certain continuities, the arrival of the Spanish and Portuguese in Latin America in the 16th century resulted in great social and demographic changes. For the most part, these changes were extremely negative for the Aztecs, Incas, and other Indian groups. The main continuities were unfairness to the lower classes and minorities and an elaborate system of and trade both of which preceded the arrival of the Iberians and remained in tact during colonial rule. The major changes included technological advances, dramatic decline in Indian population, new forms of agricultural and live stock, integration to a world economy, a new religion, ethnic changes through the importation of slaves and loss of political. In this essay, I will demonstrate these continuities and changes by first describing the society before the arrival of the Europeans (1325-1492) and after (1492-1800). The early Latin America era ended in the early 1800s when the colonial structure declined.

The American people had an elaborate society before the Europeans and some of the basic features of this society were still in tact. These characteristics stayed the same because the Aztecs and Incas were dominant conquering groups so they had a good government, an empire, which created an elaborate trade system. Aztecs traded with surrounding territories and the Incas had Inca socialism that spread the wealth to everyone. The Europeans kept this alive because it served their goals of dominating Indian society. Further more, the hierarchical society that the Europeans found was similar to their own culture, which had a clear hierarchy as well. The Aztecs enslaved conquered tribes and invoked them in human sacrificed. This stayed the same as the Iberians killed many Indians like Pizarro in 1535 and Cortés in 1533. In thinking them as barbaric, unfairness to minorities and the lower class was not removed. Neither was trade trade in the sense that the Iberians created so much wealth through the New World in the 16th century.

A completely new group coming to the New World results in a lot more change then continuities. Technological advances were a great surprise to the natives. The Iberians had new ways of killing with guns and germs. The Indians had no immunity for the European disease. The new forms of livestock and agriculture contributed to domination over the Indians. Things such as new economic opportunities, like mining and plantations. Also, new animals like horses, cows, bees, goats, and dogs. As this livestock increased, the Indian population decreased. The Europeans were very violently abusing the Indians and killing them and the disease really wiped them out. The force of the Indians to work and mine for the Spanish and Portuguese brought them into the middle of the global trade and world economy. Their integration to the new economy put them into a position of economic poverty that is still present today. Presently, the people of Latin America export raw materials for manufactured goods, which never goes over well. The new religion, Catholicism, brought lots of change to the area. The Iberians wanted the natives to worship their god, for they believed it was their land to do as they please. The ethnic changes through the importation of slaves created the new hierarchy of the 16th century and beyond. Since now whites, blacks, and Indians lived in the New World, whites were on top the mixed races were in the middle and the slaves and Indians were at the bottom, Indians lost all of their power. Today, that is the reason why blacks live in that area and why there are so many mixes of races as well.

So the arrival of the Iberians brought many changes to the New World and most of them were negative. Both continuities and changes that resulted in colonialism had important effects that can be seen today. It is that the arrival of European explorers, like Columbus in 1492, Cortés in 1519, and Pizzaro in 1533 brought great change to our world and even today.


:P
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